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Super Bowl LIII

Does it matter that Super Bowl performer Maroon 5 is not from Atlanta?

A comprehensive list of the artists and their connection to the city housing the NFL’s championship game

When it was reported in September that pop rock band Maroon 5 would perform the halftime show at the 2019 Super Bowl in Atlanta, public opinion was, to say the least, not positive.

Besides the normal overdramatization of negative social media reaction, more than 100,000 people signed an online petition requesting that the band drop out of the performance — in no small part driven by the continuing unemployment of former San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick in reaction to his protests during the national anthem. (Rihanna and Cardi B reportedly refused to perform during the Super Bowl.)

Most of the vitriol over Maroon 5’s selection, though, appeared to stem from the fact that the sextet had no regional connection to Atlanta.

For years, Atlanta has been considered one of the premier musical hubs in America, launching mainstream acts such as Usher, Ludacris, Migos, Outkast, Ciara and T.I., to name a few. That the NFL didn’t choose an artist from a musical capital like Atlanta was viewed — alongside the ostracism of Kaepernick, the pushback against kneeling players and the lack of African-American head coaches — as yet another example of the league ignoring its sizable black fan base.

And while there may be merits to that argument (no hip-hop artist has ever headlined a Super Bowl halftime show), geographical origin has never been a requirement for halftime shows in the past. Even when the Super Bowl was held in musical hot spots such as Detroit, New York, Southern California and Houston, the artist’s hometown has rarely matched up with the site of the championship game. Since 1993, the superstar-helmed era of Super Bowl halftime entertainment, there have been only six artists (Travis Tritt, Gloria Estefan, Jessica Simpson, Big Boi, ’N Sync and No Doubt) who were either born, raised or groomed in that city or surrounding area, none of whom headlined that year’s show.

Here’s a breakdown of each Super Bowl halftime show since 1993, identifying the location of each game, the artist, the artist’s hometown and which local act would have made more sense if the show had a hometown requirement.


1993 Super Bowl

Michael Jackson performs at the Super Bowl XXVII halftime show at the Rose Bowl on Jan. 31, 1993, in Pasadena, California.

Steve Granitz/WireImage

Location: Pasadena, California

Artist (hometown): Michael Jackson (Gary, Indiana)

Local choice: Dr. Dre (Compton, California), Red Hot Chili Peppers (Los Angeles), Guns N’ Roses (Los Angeles)

1994 Super Bowl

Travis Tritt performs during the halftime show of Super Bowl XXVIII between the Dallas Cowboys and Buffalo Bills on Jan. 30, 1994.

Focus on Sport/Getty Images

Location: Atlanta

Artists (hometown): Clint Black (Katy, Texas), Tanya Tucker (Seminole, Texas), Travis Tritt (Marietta, Georgia), The Judds (Ashland, Kentucky)

Local choice: Arrested Development (Atlanta), Ray Charles (Albany, Georgia), Travis Tritt (Marietta)

1995 Super Bowl

Tony Bennett (left) and Patti LaBelle (right) perform during the halftime show of Super Bowl XXIX in Miami on Jan. 29, 1995.

DOUG COLLIER/AFP/Getty Images

Location: Miami Gardens, Florida

Artists (hometown): Tony Bennett (New York City), Patti LaBelle (Philadelphia)

Local choice: KC and the Sunshine Band (Hialeah, Florida), Gloria Estefan (Havana/Miami), Arturo Sandoval (Artemisa, Cuba), 2 Live Crew (Miami)

1996 Super Bowl

Diana Ross performs during halftime of the Dallas Cowboys versus the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl XXX at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona, on Jan. 28, 1996.

Al Bello/Getty Images

Location: Tempe, Arizona

Artist (hometown): Diana Ross (Detroit)

Local choice: Alice Cooper (Phoenix), Stevie Nicks (Phoenix)

1997 Super Bowl

James Belushi (left) and James Brown (right) perform during the halftime show for Super Bowl XXXI between the New England Patriots and the Green Bay Packers at the Superdome in New Orleans on Jan. 26, 1997.

Al Bello/Getty Images

Location: New Orleans

Artists (hometown): The Blues Brothers (Chicago), James Brown (Barnwell, South Carolina) and ZZ Top (Houston)

Local choice: Allen Toussaint (New Orleans), Fats Domino (New Orleans)

1998 Super Bowl

A view of the halftime show taken during the Super Bowl XXXII between the Denver Broncos and the Green Bay Packers at Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego. The Broncos defeated the Packers, 31-24, on Jan. 25, 1998.

Jamie Squire/Getty Images

Location: San Diego

Artists (hometown): Boyz II Men (Philadelphia), Smokey Robinson (Detroit), Martha Reeves (Detroit), The Temptations (Detroit), Queen Latifah (East Orange, New Jersey)

Local choice: Coolio (Compton), Montell Jordan (Los Angeles), No Doubt (Anaheim, California)

1999 Super Bowl

Stevie Wonder performs during the halftime show at Super Bowl XXXIII at Pro Player Stadium in Miami.

JEFF HAYNES/AFP/Getty Images

Location: Miami Gardens, Florida

Artists (hometown): Stevie Wonder (Saginaw, Michigan), Gloria Estefan (Havana, Cuba/Miami, Florida), Big Bad Voodoo Daddy (Ventura, California), Savion Glover (Newark, New Jersey)

Local choice: Gloria Estefan (Havana, Cuba/Miami, Florida)

2000 Super Bowl

Singers Christina Aguilera (right) and Enrique Iglesias perform during the halftime show at Super Bowl XXXIV at the Georgia Dome in Atlanta.

JEFF HAYNES/AFP/Getty Images

Location: Atlanta

Artists (hometown): Phil Collins (United Kingdom), Christina Aguilera (Staten Island, New York), Enrique Iglesias (Madrid), Toni Braxton (Severn, Maryland)

Local choice: TLC (Atlanta)

2001 Super Bowl

From left to right: Justin Timberlake, Steven Tyler, Britney Spears and Nelly onstage during MTV’s Super Bowl halftime show at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa, Florida, on Jan. 28, 2001.

Scott Gries/ImageDirect

Location: Tampa, Florida

Artists (hometown): Aerosmith (Boston), ‘N Sync (Orlando, Florida), Britney Spears (Kentwood, Louisiana), Mary J. Blige (New York City), Nelly (St. Louis)

Local choice: ‘N Sync (Orlando)

2002 Super Bowl

Bono performs amid a sea of lights at halftime of Super Bowl XXXVI on Feb. 3, 2002, in New Orleans.

AP Photo/Kathy Willens

Location: New Orleans

Artist (hometown): U2 (Dublin)

Local choice: Britney Spears (Kentwood, Louisiana)

2003 Super Bowl

Singer Gwen Stefani and No Doubt perform during halftime of Super Bowl XXXVII between the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and the Oakland Raiders on Jan. 26, 2003.

Doug Pensinger/Getty Images

Location: San Diego

Artists (hometown): Shania Twain (Windsor, Ontario), No Doubt (Anaheim, California), Sting (Wallsend, England)

Local choice: No Doubt (Anaheim, California)

2004 Super Bowl

Justin Timberlake (left) and Janet Jackson perform during the halftime show of Super Bowl XXXVIII at Reliant Stadium on Feb. 1, 2004.

USA TODAY Sports

Location: Houston

Artists (hometown): Janet Jackson (Gary, Indiana), Justin Timberlake (Memphis, Tennessee), P. Diddy (New York City), Kid Rock (Romeo, Michigan), Nelly (St. Louis), Jessica Simpson (Abilene, Texas)

Local choice: Dixie Chicks (Dallas); Beyoncé (Houston); Jessica Simpson (Abilene, Texas)

2005 Super Bowl

Singer Paul McCartney performs during the Super Bowl XXXIX halftime show at Alltel Stadium on Feb. 6, 2005, in Jacksonville, Florida.

Jed Jacobsohn/Getty Images

Location: Jacksonville, Florida

Artist (hometown): Paul McCartney (United Kingdom)

Local choice: Limp Bizkit (Jacksonville), Mase (Jacksonville)

2006 Super Bowl

The Rolling Stones perform at halftime during Super Bowl XL between the Pittsburgh Steelers and Seattle Seahawks at Ford Field in Detroit on Feb. 5, 2006.

Al Messerschmidt/Getty Images

Location: Detroit

Artist (hometown): The Rolling Stones (United Kingdom)

Local choice: Eminem (Detroit)

2007 Super Bowl

Prince performs during the halftime show at Super Bowl XLI in Miami on Feb. 4, 2007.

AP Photo/Chris O'Meara

Location: Miami

Artist (hometown): Prince (Minneapolis)

Local choice: Enrique Iglesias (Madrid/Miami)

2008 Super Bowl

Tom Petty performs during halftime at Super Bowl XLII at the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona, on Feb. 3, 2008.

TIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images

Location: Glendale, Arizona

Artist (hometown): Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (Gainesville, Florida)

Local choice: Alice Cooper (Phoenix), Stevie Nicks (Phoenix)

2009 Super Bowl

Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band perform at the Bridgestone halftime show during Super Bowl XLIII between the Arizona Cardinals and the Pittsburgh Steelers on Feb. 1, 2009, at Raymond James Stadium in Tampa, Florida.

Jamie Squire/Getty Images

Location: Tampa, Florida

Artist (hometown): Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band (Long Branch, New Jersey)

Local choice: Khia (Tampa), Backstreet Boys (Orlando)

2010 Super Bowl

Roger Daltrey of The Who performs during halftime of Super Bowl XLIV between the Indianapolis Colts and the New Orleans Saints on Feb. 7, 2010, at Sun Life Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida.

Ronald Martinez/Getty Images

Location: Miami Gardens, Florida

Artist (hometown): The Who (United Kingdom)

Local choice: Pitbull (Miami); Flo Rida (Carol City, Florida)

2011 Super Bowl

From left to right: apl.de.ap, Fergie, will.i.am and Taboo of The Black Eyed Peas perform during the Bridgestone Super Bowl XLV halftime show at Cowboys Stadium on Feb. 6, 2011, in Arlington, Texas.

Al Bello/Getty Images

Location: Irving, Texas

Artists (hometown): The Black Eyed Peas (Los Angeles), Usher (Atlanta), Slash (London)

Local choice: Kelly Clarkson (Fort Worth, Texas)

2012 Super Bowl

Madonna (right) performs with Nicki Minaj (left) during the Bridgestone Super Bowl XLVI halftime show at Lucas Oil Stadium on Feb. 5, 2012, in Indianapolis.

Al Bello/Getty Images

Location: Indianapolis

Artists (hometown): Madonna (Bay City, Michigan), Nicki Minaj (Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago/Bronx, New York), M.I.A. (United Kingdom), LMFAO (Los Angeles), CeeLo Green (Atlanta)

Local choice: Babyface (Indianapolis); Janet Jackson (Gary, Indiana)

2013 Super Bowl

Beyoncé performs during the Pepsi Super Bowl XLVII Halftime Show at the Mercedes-Benz Superdome on Feb. 3, 2013, in New Orleans.

Ezra Shaw/Getty Images

Location: New Orleans

Artist (hometown): Beyoncé (Houston)

Local choice: Lil Wayne (New Orleans)

2014 Super Bowl

From left to right: Flea, Chad Smith, Bruno Mars, Anthony Kiedis and Josh Klinghoffer perform during the Pepsi Super Bowl XLVIII halftime show at MetLife Stadium on Feb. 2, 2014, in East Rutherford, New Jersey.

Theo Wargo/FilmMagic/Getty Images

Location: East Rutherford, New Jersey/New York City

Artists (hometown): Bruno Mars (Honolulu), Red Hot Chili Peppers (Los Angeles)

Local choice: Jay-Z (Brooklyn, New York)

2015 Super Bowl

Katy Perry performs during halftime of Super Bowl XLIX between the New England Patriots and the Seattle Seahawks on Feb. 1, 2015, at the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona.

TIMOTHY A. CLARY/AFP/Getty Images

Location: Glendale, Arizona

Artists (hometown): Katy Perry (Santa Barbara, California); Lenny Kravitz (New York City), Missy Elliott (Portsmouth, Virginia)

Local choice: Alice Cooper (Phoenix), Stevie Nicks (Phoenix)

2016 Super Bowl

From left to right: Beyoncé, Chris Martin of Coldplay and Bruno Mars perform during the Pepsi Super Bowl 50 halftime show at Levi’s Stadium on Feb. 7, 2016, in Santa Clara, California.

Ezra Shaw/Getty Images

Location: Santa Clara, California

Artists (hometown): Coldplay (United Kingdom), Beyoncé (Houston), Bruno Mars (Honolulu)

Local choice: Grateful Dead (Palo Alto, California), Sly and the Family Stone (San Francisco), Carlos Santana (San Francisco)

2017 Super Bowl

Lady Gaga performs during the Pepsi Zero Sugar Super Bowl LI halftime show at NRG Stadium on Feb. 5, 2017, in Houston.

Patrick Smith/Getty Images

Location: Houston

Artist (hometown): Lady Gaga (New York City)

Local choice: Beyoncé (Houston)

2018 Super Bowl

Justin Timberlake performs during halftime at the NFL Super Bowl LII football game between the Philadelphia Eagles and the New England Patriots on Feb. 4, 2018, in Minneapolis.

AP Photo/Charlie Neibergall

Location: Minneapolis

Artist (hometown): Justin Timberlake (Memphis, Tennessee)

Local choice: Bob Dylan (Duluth, Minnesota), Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis (Minneapolis)

2019 Super Bowl

Maroon 5 performs on Jimmy Kimmel Live!

Randy Holmes/ABC/Getty Images

Location: Atlanta

Artist (hometown): Maroon 5 (Los Angeles); Travis Scott (Houston); Big Boi (Atlanta)

Local choice: Migos (Lawrenceville, Georgia), Donald Glover (Stone Mountain, Georgia), Outkast (Atlanta)

Liner Notes

*Local act being based on either having a Billboard Top 100 song the previous year or being the area’s most popular musician at the time.

Martenzie is a senior researcher for The Undefeated. His favorite cinematic moment is when Django said "Y'all want to see somethin?"