Loyola Chicago’s NCAA tournament run puts spotlight on historic 1963 team
Fifty-five years ago, the Ramblers won the NCAA championship with four black starters
His phone’s been ringing nonstop for nearly a week, so the call that interrupts Jerry Harkness on his trip to Indianapolis International Airport to catch a flight to Atlanta for the Sweet 16 game is no surprise.
“Oh, boy, hold on,” is his response, when asked if he has time to talk about his history-making Loyola basketball team from 55 years ago. “I tell you, we never got this type of response when we won the national championship in 1963.”
What happened in 1963? Loyola won the NCAA Division I national championship, during a season when it started four African-American basketball players — years before Texas Western played an all-black starting five on the way to winning the 1966 national title.
And here’s why people want to talk to Harkness and his teammates now — the No. 11 seed Loyola Chicago Ramblers are playing in the Sweet 16 against Nevada in Atlanta on Thursday, the team’s first trip to the NCAA tournament in 33 years.
Harkness, 77, is almost tentative to talk about the most successful team in school history. “Honestly, I don’t want to overshadow what the present Loyola team has done,” Harkness said. “We should stay focused on the job this team has done on the court.”
But we can celebrate Loyola’s success in the present and in the past, which came during a time when the United States was in the midst of a tremendous racial divide.
That might sound similar to America today, but the tensions were different.
“There was major upheaval in this country in the ’60s,” said Les Hunter, 75, a 6-foot-7 forward on Loyola in 1963. “It was a very difficult time.”
When the 1962-63 college basketball season began, most schools were sticking to the gentlemen’s agreement of playing no more than three black players at a time. It’s a philosophy that hindered Loyola as it lost in the semifinals of the 1962 NIT which, at the time, was considered just as prestigious as the NCAA tournament.
“No question we would have won the NIT had we played our most talented guys,” Hunter said. “But coach [George] Ireland and the university was a little afraid to start four blacks.”
There was no fear during the 1962-63 season when the three starters from the previous season — Hunter and his high school teammate, Vic Rouse, along with Harkness — were joined in the starting lineup by a fourth black starter, Ron Miller, who came off the bench the previous year. John Egan was the only white player in the starting five.
“Miller could really shoot, and the rest of us could run all day and we really should have been starting together all along,” said Hunter, who was teammates with Rouse on the powerhouse Pearl High School team in Nashville, Tennessee. “With Miller starting, we blew everybody out.”
The Ramblers scored more than 90 points on 16 occasions, taking a 24-2 record into the NCAA tournament. The Ramblers easily won their NCAA opener, 111-42, over Tennessee Tech, which remains the most lopsided result in tournament history.
“I remember Chicago being in the midst of turmoil going into that first game, with front-page stories about black students not being able to go to white schools,” Harkness remembered. “We played that first game at Northwestern and were so hyped-up because of that turmoil. That poor team, I guess they weren’t as fired up as we were.”
Loyola was scheduled to play against Mississippi State in the next game in East Lansing, Michigan, but there were doubts whether the southern team would show. There was an unwritten rule in Mississippi — the state where earlier in the school year James Meredith integrated the University of Mississippi under the watch of 500 U.S. marshals — that schools wouldn’t play against racially integrated teams.
As the game against Loyola approached, a Mississippi court order prevented the team from going to Michigan for the game. The team sneaked out of Starkville, Mississippi, and only realized when they landed that the court order had been suspended by a Mississippi Supreme Court judge.
That resulted in what’s known as The Game of Change, which began with a famous photo of Harkness, Loyola’s captain, shaking hands at center court with Mississippi State captain Joe Dan Gold.
“I remember shaking hands, the flashbulbs popping,” Harkness recalled. “That’s when it really hit me that this was bigger than I realized. That was, without a doubt, the biggest game of my life.”
The game was devoid of any tension. “They weren’t trying to create an incident, and so were we,” Hunter said. “It was a well-played game. Maybe our toughest game of the year.”
Loyola, ranked third in the nation, won that game over seventh-ranked Mississippi State, 61-51. The next day Loyola won the Mideast Regional Final over eighth-ranked Illinois, 79-64.
A win over second-ranked Duke, 94-75, in the national semifinal set up the championship game against Cincinnati. The Bearcats, who had won two straight NCAA titles, had three black starters to go along with Loyola’s four. That marked the first championship game where the majority of starters were black.
Loyola, with all five starters playing the entire game, won the championship in overtime, 60-58, when Rouse scored at the buzzer on a putback of a Harkness miss.
“Worst game we played all season,” said Hunter, sounding 55 years later as if he’s still upset with the team’s performance. “And we still won.”
A documentary, Game of Change, released in advance of the 50th anniversary of the national title, put a spotlight on that 1963 team. During the year of the anniversary, 2013, the surviving members of the team were recognized by President Barack Obama at the White House.
“It was tremendous, a day of fun and enjoyment,” Harkness said. “I’m left-handed, [Obama’s] left-handed, so we exchanged notes.”
Hunter called the meeting with the president “the greatest day of my life.”
Some of the surviving members will attend Loyola’s Sweet 16 game Thursday in Atlanta. They plan to have dinner and reminisce about that 1963 accomplishment that’s bringing them more recognition today than they’ve ever had.
“It’s going to be great getting together with everyone,” Harkness said.
And the hopes for this year’s team?
“Win the national championship,” Harkness said. “It’s phenomenal what this team has done. We’ve already proven the school can do it. Wouldn’t that be great?”