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Black History Month

The NHL’s first black player, Willie O’Ree, had a short but pathbreaking stint with the Boston Bruins

He didn’t tell the team he was blind in one eye

They call him the “Jackie Robinson of hockey,” but to get that honor, it cost Willie O’Ree the sight in his right eye and many nights of racial slurs, threats and fights.

Yet if he had the opportunity again, he wouldn’t change a thing. He’s now 81 years young with a memory as sharp as his wit. Today, O’Ree crisscrosses the country to promote a sport that initially didn’t embrace him but now recognizes him as a living legend.

“It was the media that gave me the name the Jackie Robinson of hockey,” said O’Ree. “It makes me feel good.”

O’Ree, who was born in Fredericton, New Brunswick, was playing his second season in the Quebec Senior Hockey League with the Quebec Aces when the Boston Bruins called him up for two games in 1958. That was 11 years after Robinson’s historic feat with the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947.

The Bruins, who called O’Ree up to replace an injured player, didn’t know that he had lost 95 percent of the vision in his right eye two years earlier after getting hit with an errant puck. Had they known of his injury, O’Ree would’ve never seen a second of ice time in the National Hockey League.

“I didn’t tell anyone that I couldn’t see,” said O’Ree. “My sister, Betty, and my good friend, another black player named Stan Maxwell, were the only ones who knew that I couldn’t see. I didn’t tell my mom and dad because I didn’t want them to worry.

Willie O'

Willie O’Ree #25 of the Boston Bruins skates with the puck as Camille Henry #21 of the New York Rangers looks defend during their NHL game circa 1961 at the Madison Square Garden in New York, New York.

Bruce Bennett Studios/Getty Images

“I didn’t let that stop me. Back then, they didn’t have physicals like the ones given today. I could still see out of my left eye. I wanted to play and I did what I had to do to compensate for the injury. After being injured, I came back and tried to play as if I had recovered.

“Being a left-handed shot and playing left wing to compensate, I had to turn my head all the way around to the right [and] look over my right shoulder to pick the puck up,” he recalled. “At first, I had a little trouble and I finally said, ‘Willie, forget about what you can’t see. Concentrate on what you can see.’ Once I started doing that, my game began to pick up.”

On Jan. 18, 1958, an African-Canadian holding a secret that should’ve ended his career before it started crossed the NHL’s color line and played against the Montreal Canadiens, a team he grew up watching.

At the time, the Canadiens were in the third season of a five-year run as Stanley Cup champions. A year earlier, Montreal defeated Boston 4-1 in the Stanley Cup finals. The Canadiens would go on to beat the Bruins 4-2 in the 1958 championship series.

“To me, I didn’t know I was breaking the color barrier until the next morning when I read it in the paper,” said O’Ree. “When I stepped on the ice on Jan. 18, 1958, we were playing the Montreal Canadiens in Montreal. We beat the Canadiens 3-0, then we got on the train and went to Boston. The Canadiens beat us 5-3 and then I left. I was just there for the two games.”

He didn’t register anything statistically, but those two games did a lot for O’Ree mentally. He always wanted to be a great player and reaching the NHL for that brief period was encouraging.

During the 1960-61 season, O’Ree got a second opportunity to play for the Bruins. He appeared in 43 games, collecting 14 points on four goals and 10 assists. He also logged 26 penalty minutes.

Cheap shots were the norm and O’Ree, despite his bad eye, watched out for them.

“I had to protect myself,” said O’Ree. “I knew there would people coming after me.”

After that season, O’Ree spent the rest of his professional career in the minors. He stopped skating in 1979 after a lengthy stint in the Western Hockey League playing with teams in Los Angeles and San Diego. O’Ree now calls San Diego home.

In 1998, O’Ree became the director of youth development for the NHL/USA Hockey Diversity Task Force, a nonprofit program for minority youth. The program encourages youngsters to learn and play hockey. Just last month, he was honored by the Los Angeles Kings for his contributions and pioneering efforts.

O’Ree’s story has been an inspiration. Philadelphia Flyers star Wayne Simmonds, who two weeks ago became the second man of color to win MVP honors in the NHL All-Star game, credits O’Ree’s saga as a motivating force for him. “He went through a lot,” said Simmonds. “You can’t help but admire what he did.”

Willie O'

Willie O’Ree checks the height of the stick of Jeremiah Alvarado, 13, of Buffalo, New York, during the 2016 NHL/Willie ORee Skills Weekend hosted by the Ed Snider Youth Hockey Foundation in Philadelphia, Pa. on Saturday, March 5, 2016. O’Ree, the first black player in the National Hockey League, made his NHL debut with the Bruins on January 18, 1958.

Toni L. Sandys/ The Washington Post via Getty Images

O’Ree, who was at the Staples Center in Los Angeles to see Simmonds win the award, is aware of the changes in the sport.

“Hockey has opened up for everybody,” he said. “I can see more [black] players coming in. A lot has changed and that’s good. I was the first one and 16 years later, Mike Marson was the first [black] player drafted” by the Washington Capitals in 1974.

“I’m very proud of what [Simmonds] accomplished. He’s a great player and a great person. He’s an inspiration to others.”

With time, the NHL has realized that O’Ree’s contribution to the game is priceless.

“Willie O’Ree has devoted his life to our sport and our young people, to diversity and inclusion,” said NHL commissioner Gary Bettman in a statement. “His words of encouragement, and the life lessons he has taught, have inspired thousands not only to play hockey but to incorporate our game’s values and ideals into their lives. We marvel at Willie’s strength and his courage, at his willingness to blaze a trail for future generations of players, and we are honored by his continuing presence as a role model, mentor and ambassador for our sport.”

O’Ree has been the recipient of many awards and honors, from being inducted into the New Brunswick Sports Hall of Fame in 1984 to getting the Lester Patrick Award in 2000, which is given annually for hockey service in the United States to receiving the Order of New Brunswick in 2005. In 2008, he was honored by the naming of Willie O’Ree Place at the Fredericton Arena.

He doesn’t have a place in the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto. “I kind of understand why I’m not in the Hockey Hall of Fame,” said O’Ree. “I didn’t play enough and there are other guys who played longer and had distinguished careers. It would be nice [to be in there], but you never know. It could change.”

When he was 14, O’Ree played baseball and was pretty good. His team won a championship and as a reward, was treated to a trip to New York City. On the tour, he met Robinson.

“He had broken baseball’s color barrier only two years prior, in 1947 and to us he’s an icon. We went to Ebbets Field and watched a Dodgers game. We met him afterwards.

“When I get my chance to shake his hand, I said, ‘Nice to meet you, Mr. Robinson,’ I say, ‘I’m Willie O’Ree.’ Jackie Robinson says, ‘Nice to meet you, Willie,’ while shaking my hand.

“Then I said, ‘I’m a baseball player, but what I really love is hockey.’ He responded by saying with a smile, ‘Oh? I didn’t know black kids played hockey.’ I smiled back and said, ‘Yup!’ ”

The next time he met Robinson was at an NAACP luncheon in Los Angeles in 1962.

“I was 27 then and playing with the Los Angeles Blades,” O’Ree recalled. “I’m there with the coach and a few other players. My coach [George “Bus” Agar] noticed the guest of honor talking to some people. He waited a few minutes for their conversation to end and then he brought me over to meet him. He tapped him on the shoulder and said, ‘Mr. Robinson, I’d like you to meet one of our players, Willie O’Ree.’

“Jackie Robinson turned around, stared at me for a moment and said something I wasn’t expecting. ‘Willie O’Ree,’ he said while shaking my hand. ‘You’re the young fellow I met in Brooklyn.’ I was stunned, let me tell you. I would’ve never thought that the great Jackie Robinson would remember me out of all the people he had met.”

Daryl Bell is the assistant news editor and columnist for The Philadelphia Tribune. He's a veteran journalist who has covered every major sport, and many minor ones.